Japan's Contribution and the Role of the Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute
Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is the key to curbing global warming. Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), developed countries, including Japan, is required to play a key role of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The Clean Development Mechanism has been established for sustainable development. Notably, REDD-plus (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries) has been developed to further facilitate international efforts to halt climate change, and to contribute to the conservation of forests and biodiversity and the development of the regional economy in developing countries.
In 2010, the Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI) established the REDD Research and Development Center to conduct surveys and research, collect and analyze information related to REDD-plus, and support the private sector to get more involved with REDD-plus. To use research outcomes to benefit a sustainable society, FFPRI strengthens collaboration with private, public, and academic sectors.
Future Efforts to Address Challenges
The REDD Research and Development Center has promoted technologies and practices to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries. In implementing REDD-plus, which has the high potential to contribute to the mitigation of climate change, focus has been placed on establishing transparency for measuring, reporting, and verifying, which is fundamental to balancing emissions sources and sinks, and developing modalities for unbiased evaluation of reducing emissions.
The Paris Agreement, the long-term commitment to balance emissions, was adopted at the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in December 2015. Article 5 refers to REDD-plus, in which Parties are encouraged to take action and move to implementation in accordance with the UNFCCC decisions. In the Agreement, cross-sectorial coordination is considered key. The REDD Research and Development Center serves as an research hub for REDD-plus, with raising public awareness, supporting the private sector to be more involved with REDD-plus, and strengthening collaboration with the public, private, and academic sectors.
Survey and Research on REDD-plus
We will develop following methods, taking account of national circumstances:
- Methods for evaluating REDD-plus activities implemented at local level:
We will develop methods to assess the amount of emission reductions achieved by REDD-plus activities under the Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) in host countries.
- Methods for measuring emission reductions in accordance with national circumstances:
We will develop low-cost and reliable techniques to measure forest carbon in accordance with capabilities and circumstances of developing countries and demonstrate procedures and plans to monitor forest carbon amount.
- Safeguards in accordance with national circumstances:
We will develop methods to assess possible negative impacts caused by REDD-plus activities and to effectively implement safeguards, in accordance with circumstances of developing countries and project areas.
Collection and analysis of information related to REDD-plus
We will collect and analyze information required for implementating REDD-plus activities such as international negotiations, framework for bilateral and multilateral supports, latest trends in private sector's participation in REDD-plus at national and international levels, related laws and regulations, and initiatives for biodiversity conservation.
Awareness raising and support for REDD-plus activities
We will host international seminars and workshops to raise awareness of REDD-plus and disseminate our research outcomes to national and international entities. We will also collaborate with the "Japan Public-Private Platform for REDD-plus" (Secretariat: the Japan International Cooperation Agency and FFPRI) and hold study sessions by the Knowledge Working Group. Furthermore, we will contribute to the enhancement of REDD-plus by publishing technical manuals on REDD-plus, providing the latest information through our website and distributing it electronically, managing the help desk, and facilitating private sector involvement in REDD-plus activities.